What is Fatty Liver?
Fatty liver is a condition that occurs when fat accumulates in the liver, causing inflammation and damage to the liver.
The main risk factors are excessive alcohol consumption and obesity. Other risk factors include insulin resistance, high cholesterol, high blood pressure.
There are typically no symptoms associated with fatty liver.
Fatty liver is often seen on ultrasound, CT, or other imaging test. Blood work sometimes will reveal elevated liver function tests. If blood work is very abnormal, or significant liver damage is suspected, liver biopsy can be performed to confirm the diagnosis, rule out other liver diseases, and determine the extend of liver damage.
The best treatment for fatty liver is diet, exercise, and weight loss, as well as limiting alcohol. If detected and treated early, fatty liver is reversible. In severe cases, fatty liver can result in cirrhosis and liver failure, so early detection and management is crucial.